1.Explain about Accounts Payable.
Ans)The Accounts Payable application component records and manages accounting data for all
vendors. It is also an integral part of the purchasing system: Deliveries and invoices are
managed according to vendors. The system automatically triggers postings in response to the
operative transactions. In the same way, the system supplies the Cash Management application
component with figures from invoices in order to optimize liquidity planning.
2.What is the meaning of invoice?
Ans)An invoice or bill is a commercial document issued by a seller to the buyer, indicating the products, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services the seller has provided the buyer. An invoice indicates the buyer must pay the seller, according to the payment terms.
In the rental industry, an invoice must include a specific reference to the duration of the time being billed, so rather than quantity, price and discount the invoicing amount is based on quantity, price, discount and duration. Generally speaking each line of a rental invoice will refer to the actual hours, days, weeks, months etc being billed.
(Commercial & Finance)
Procure - Commercial Department The following steps invovle to prcure any item
1. Received Requsition from concern Department
2. Request for Quotation from Suppliers at least three
3. Finalize the best Quotation by keeping in mind about our companies standard
4. Check the Budget for the same
5. Negociate with supplier for more economic pricing and finalize the payment terms
6. Process the PO and forward to the supplier to supply the goods and services
Pay Cycle - Finance Department
The following steps need to be fulfil
1. Invoice should be match with PO
2. Invoice should has all the supporting documents such as PO copy,Delivery note duly signed by reciever (our staff who authorized to received goods / store keeper)
3. If the invoice is for services then it should be forwarded to the concern department head or project manager for his confirmation of work done and his approval
4. Even if it not the services invoice, it should forwarded to the concern person's approval who request the PO for the same
5. Finance can reject the invoice if it is not budgeted and ask for the reasons.
6. After receiving all the confirmation and approvals from the concern department heads the invoice will be update in to the accounting system first in order to avoid any duplication of Invoice and PO (it shown on accounting package if the invoice is duplicate if not, altelast it tells you if the PO already used or cancel)
7. Finance approved the invoice and process the payment base on payment terms with the supplier.
6) What is meant by Distribution Sets:Ans)You can use a Distribution Set to automatically enter distributions for an invoice when you are not matching it to a purchase order. For example, you can create for an advertising supplier a Distribution Set that allocates advertising expense on an invoice to four advertising departments.
You can assign a default Distribution Set to a supplier site so Payables will use it for every invoice you enter for that supplier site. If you do not assign a default Distribution Set to a supplier site, you can always assign a Distribution Set to an invoice when you enter it.
Use Full Distribution Sets to create distributions with set percentage amounts, or use Skeleton Distribution Sets to create distributions with no set distribution amounts. For example, a Full Distribution Set for a rent invoice assigns 70% of the invoice amount to the Sales facility expense account and 30% to the Administration facility expense account. A Skeleton Distribution Set for the same invoice would create one distribution for the Sales facility expense account and one distribution for the Administration facility expense account, leaving the amounts zero. You could then enter amounts during invoice entry depending on variables such as that month's headcount for each group.
7)What is the meaning of GRN?
Ans) GOODS RECEIPT NOTE MEANS IT PROVES THAT MATERIAL IS DELIVERED AT STORES DEPARTMENT. GRN IS THE BASE DOCUMENT AND IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS FOR PROOF OF RECEIPT OF MATERIAL AT WARE HOUSE.THIS CAN BE PREPARED BY STORES DEPARTMENT AND APPROVED BY PLANT HEAD. GRN CONTAINS ORDERED QTY,RECEIVED QTY AND ACCEPTED QTY. BILL WILL BE PASSED BASED THE GRN NOTE. ONCE THE GRN IS PREPARED AUTOMATICALLY INVENTORY WILL BE UPDATED AND ACCORDINGLY PAYMENT WILL BE RELEASED TO THE VENDOR.
GRN contains the following details.
1.Ordered quantity .
3.Defective quantity in received quantity .
4.Quality standards details.
8) How does the payment mechanism work?
You generally use the payment program to clear invoices. Manual clearing of open items is therefore not usually necessary. However, you will sometimes have to clear items manually if, for example, you receive a refund from your vendor or you have set up a direct debit procedure.
9) Difference between interface tables and base tables?
A funds disbursement payment method is a medium by which the first party payer, or deploying company, makes a payment to a third party payee, such as a supplier. You can use a payment method to pay one or more suppliers. Oracle Payments supports several payment methods for funds disbursement, including the following:
You can pay with a manual payment, a Quick payment, or in a payment batch.
Electronic An electronic funds transfer to the bank of a supplier.You create electronic payments either through the e- Commerce Gateway, or by delivering a payment batch file to your bank. For both methods, Payables creates a file during payment batch creation. If you are using the e-Commerce Gateway to create the file of payments, an EDI translator is required to create the EDI Formatted file prior to delivering it to your bank.For electronic funds transfers, the file is formatted and delivered to your ap.out directory for delivery to your bank.
Wire Funds transfer initiated be contacting the bank and requesting wire payment to the bank of a suplier.A payment method where you pay invoices outside of Payables by notifying your bank that you want to debit your account and credit your supplier’s account with appropriate funds. You provide your bank with your supplier’s bank information, and your bank sends you confirmation of your transaction. Your supplier’s bank sends your supplier confirmation of the payment. You then record the transaction manually.
Clearing Payment for invoices transferred from another entity within the company without creating a payment document.Payment method you use to account for intercompany expenses when you do not actually disburse funds through banks. You do not generate a payment document with the Clearing payment method. When you enter the invoice, you enter Clearing for the payment method.You can record a Clearing payment using a Manual type payment only.